HomeDocumentation > Quick start - Apache Geronimo for the impatient

If you are in a hurry to have Apache Geronimo up and running, this article can show you the basic steps of downloading, building (when needed) and running the server in a short time.

All you need is 5 to 10 minutes to follow these steps.

Getting the software

There are currently the following two ways to get the released software:

  • Retrieve the source code from the Apache SVN repository.
  • Download the binary files from the Apache Geronimo Web site.

This section only shows how to download the binary files from the Apache Geronimo Web site because this way is faster and easier than retrieving the source code from the Apache SVN repository.


Before you install Geronimo, you must install the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) or Java Development Kit (JDK). JDK is only required for wsgen tools.

Installing Java SE 6

Apache Geronimo v3.0-M1 is a non-certified milestone release containing some Java EE 6 features and support for the OSGi programming model. For more information about how to download and install the latest Java SE 6 JRE or JDK, go here.

Geronimo 3.0-M1 is a milestone release and should only be used for learning about the upcoming Geronimo 3.0 release with Java EE 6 and OSGi/Aries support and not for any type of production usage.

Downloading binary files

You can go to http://geronimo.apache.org/downloads.html to download the available packages (binary files and source code). You must select the installation file according to the platform that you plan to install and run Apache Geronimo on.

Geronimo v3.0-M1 is available in the following three assembly configurations:

  • Web Container releases : Java EE 6 web profile(not certified)
  • Minimal (Little-G) : Web Container, Transaction, and Connector capabilities
  • Framework : Geronimo kernel core functionality

In this section, we use the release with Tomcat Web container for demonstration. For more information about the difference between these three assembly configurations, see Getting and installing Geronimo.

You can download the installation file with the compression format (.zip or .tar.gz) that is compatible with your operating system by clicking the link on the website. To install Apache Geronimo, extract the binary files to a new directory on your hard disk, for example, d:/geronimo. In the rest of this section, this directory is referred to as <geronimo_home>.

Starting the server

To start Apache Geronimo:

  1. In the command-line interface, go to the <geronimo_home>/bin directory.
  2. Type the following command:
    • ./geronimo run

The command starts the server within the command-line interface instead of in the background. When the server is started, you can see the following information.

Using GERONIMO_HOME:   D:\geronimo
Using GERONIMO_TMPDIR: var/temp
Using JRE_HOME:        C:\java-i386-60\jre
     ______                       _                       
    / ____/___  _________  ____  (_)____ ___  ____        
   / / __ / _ \/ ___/ __ \/ __ \/ // __ `__ \/ __ \  
  / /_/ //  __/ /  / /_/ / / / / // / / / / / /_/ /       
  \____/ \___/_/   \____/_/ /_/_//_/ /_/ /_/\____/    

  Apache Geronimo (3.0-M1)

Hit '<tab>' for a list of available commands
and '[cmd] --help' for help on a specific command.
Hit '<ctrl-d>' or 'osgi:shutdown' to shutdown Geronimo.

geronimo> Booting Geronimo Kernel (in Java 1.6.0)...
Module  1/36 org.apache.geronimo.framework/j2ee-system/3.0-M1/car              started in   .000s
Module  2/36 org.apache.geronimo.framework/rmi-naming/3.0-M1/car               started in   .224s
Module  3/36 org.apache.geronimo.framework/plugin/3.0-M1/car                   started in   .146s
Module  4/36 org.apache.geronimo.framework/j2ee-security/3.0-M1/car            started in   .250s
Module  5/36 org.apache.geronimo.framework/server-security-config/3.0-M1/car   started in   .026s
Module  6/36 org.apache.geronimo.framework/geronimo-gbean-deployer/3.0-M1/car  started in   .206s
Module  7/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/j2ee-server/3.0-M1/car                started in   .026s
Module  8/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/j2ee-deployer/3.0-M1/car              started in   .092s
Module  9/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/transaction-1_6/3.0-M1/car            started in   .212s
Module 10/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/connector-deployer-1_6/3.0-M1/car     started in   .083s
Module 11/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/jasper/3.0-M1/car                     started in   .022s
Module 12/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/tomcat7/3.0-M1/car                    started in  1.175s
Module 13/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/tomcat7-deployer/3.0-M1/car           started in   .028s
Module 14/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/web-extender/3.0-M1/car               started in   .014s
Module 15/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/welcome-tomcat/3.0-M1/car             started in   .541s
Module 16/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/remote-deploy-tomcat/3.0-M1/car       started in   .431s
Module 17/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/jasper-deployer/3.0-M1/car            started in   .007s
Module 18/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/myfaces/3.0-M1/car                    started in   .016s
Module 19/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/myfaces-deployer/3.0-M1/car           started in   .014s
Module 20/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/aries-deployer/3.0-M1/car             started in   .009s
Module 21/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/persistence-jpa20-deployer/3.0-M1/car started in   .026s
Module 22/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/openjpa2/3.0-M1/car                   started in   .004s
Module 23/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/system-database/3.0-M1/car            started in  8.714s
Module 24/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/dojo-tomcat/3.0-M1/car                started in   .077s
Module 25/36 org.apache.geronimo.plugins/pluto-support/3.0-M1/car              started in   .005s
Module 26/36 org.apache.geronimo.plugins/console-tomcat/3.0-M1/car             started in   .872s
Module 27/36 org.apache.geronimo.plugins/plugin-console-tomcat/3.0-M1/car      started in   .521s
Module 28/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/client-deployer/3.0-M1/car            started in   .029s
Module 29/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/webservices-common/3.0-M1/car         started in   .000s
Module 30/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/openejb/3.0-M1/car                    started in   .674s
Module 31/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/openejb-deployer/3.0-M1/car           started in   .029s
Module 32/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/openejb-corba-deployer/3.0-M1/car     started in   .035s
Module 33/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/j2ee-corba-yoko/3.0-M1/car            started in   .308s
Module 34/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/activemq-broker-blueprint/3.0-M1/car  started in   .877s
Module 35/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/activemq-ra/3.0-M1/car                started in   .240s
Module 36/36 org.apache.geronimo.configs/javamail/3.0-M1/car                   started in   .026s
Startup completed in 23.324s seconds
  Listening on Ports:
    1050   CORBA Naming Service
    1099   RMI Naming
    1527   Derby Connector
    2001   OpenEJB ORB Adapter
    4201   OpenEJB Daemon
    4203   OpenEJB Daemon
    6142 OpenEJB Daemon
    6882   OpenEJB ORB Adapter
    8009   Tomcat Connector AJP TomcatAJPConnector
    8080   Tomcat Connector HTTP BIO TomcatWebConnector
    8443   Tomcat Connector HTTPS BIO TomcatWebSSLConnector
    9999   JMX Remoting Connector

  Started Application Modules:
    EAR: org.apache.geronimo.plugins/console-tomcat/3.0-M1/car
    RAR: org.apache.geronimo.configs/activemq-ra/3.0-M1/car
    RAR: org.apache.geronimo.configs/system-database/3.0-M1/car
    WAR: org.apache.geronimo.configs/dojo-tomcat/3.0-M1/car
    WAR: org.apache.geronimo.configs/remote-deploy-tomcat/3.0-M1/car
    WAR: org.apache.geronimo.configs/welcome-tomcat/3.0-M1/car
    WAR: org.apache.geronimo.plugins/plugin-console-tomcat/3.0-M1/car

  Web Applications:

Geronimo Application Server started

To verify that the Apache Geronimo server is running, go to http://localhost:8080/console to open the Geronimo administrative console. The Geronimo administrative console is the first application you can test. It is deployed in the standard, full Java EE certified distribution of Apache Geronimo.

When the Geronimo administrative console is open, enter system as the user name and manager as the password.

The following figure shows the Web-based Geronimo administrative console.

Now you have Apache Geronimo up and running. The following section shows you how to create, deploy, and run a sample JSP Web application on Apache Geronimo.

Creating and deploying a sample application

To create a HelloWorld JSP Web application:

  1. Create a new directory to hold all the application related files. In the rest of this section, this directory is referred to as <app_home>.
  2. In the <app_home> directory, create a plain text file named HelloWorld.jsp, and then copy the following code to this file.

Note: To save time, you can download HelloWorld.war file from this page.


To deploy an application, you must create a Geronimo specific deployment plan. To create the deployment plan for the sample application:

  1. Create a directory named WEB-INF in the <app_home> directory.
  2. In the <app_home>/WEB-INF directory, create a plain text file named geronimo-web.xml, and then copy the following code to this file.
    Geronimo deployment plan geronimo-web.xml

  3. In the <app_home>/WEB-INF directory, create a plain text file named web.xml, and then copy the following code to this file.

Deploying and testing the application

In this example, we do not invest time in packaging the application. Instead, we use the --inPlace feature of the deployer tool to deploy the application. You can use this feature to deploy an application from any directory.

To deploy the application:

  1. In the command-line interface, go to the <geronimo_home>/bin directory.
  2. Type the following command:
deploy --user system --password manager deploy --inPlace <app_home>

Note: As a quick alternative, the three files in this Hello World sample have been packaged into HelloWorld.war and attached to this page. To deploy it:

  1. Download HelloWorld.war to <war_home> on your system.
  2. Deploy it via:
deploy --user system --password manager deploy <war_home>/HelloWorld.war

When the application is successfully deployed, you can see the following message:

D:\geronimo\bin>deploy --user system --password manager deploy --inPlace \HelloWorld
Using GERONIMO_HOME:   D:\geronimo
Using GERONIMO_TMPDIR: var\temp
Using JRE_HOME:        C:\java-i386-60\jre
    Deployed sample.applications/HelloWorldApp/1.0/war @ /hello

To test the application, go to http://localhost:8080/hello.

Stopping the server

In the command-line interface where the server is started, press CTRL+C to stop the server.


This article shows you how simple it is to have Apache Geronimo up and running. It takes less than five minutes to start the server if you have installed the prerequisites. Additionally, this article shows you how to create, deploy and test a simple JSP Web application in less than five minutes.