|Home > Documentation > Installing and running > Running Geronimo > Running multiple Geronimo instances|
|Regarding both Geronimo javaee6 and minimal release bundles. Full support for multiple instances was completed in GERONIMO-6270 and its sub-tasks. This support is available in the latest snapshots after March 1, 2012, and will be in the 3.0-beta-2 standard release. This documents how to run multiple instances after applying the changes from GERONIMO-6270.
For prior releases, multiple installations can safely run side-by-side by completely copying the server folder to another, and start the 2nd server installation after changing its portOffset value.
Simply put, GERONIMO_HOME is the path to the server binary installation and GERONIMO_SERVER is the path to the server run-time configuration. GERONIMO_HOME is the path to where Geronimo was installed which every instance references, and every Geronimo instance defines its own GERONIMO_SERVER as the path to the configuration for the instance.
We define GERONIMO_SERVER in order to have the Geronimo start procedures startup an instance.
GERONIMO_HOME is obtained during startup relative to the directory Geronimo is installed in. By default, if the user does not define GERONIMO_SERVER it is set to GERONIMO_HOME. If the user defines GERONIMO_SERVER it is attempted to be resolved to an absolute path in the following ways:
Skip this sub-section if you do not care about the technical internals of Geronimo's use of GERONIMO_HOME versus GERONIMO_SERVER
Inside Geronimo there is a concept of home, base, and server, with corresponding java properties org.apache.geronimo.home.dir and org.apache.geronimo.server.dir. base and server are the same, but Geronimo references base in general to reference the location for run-time configuration. The definition of server is user provided, and redefines base.
When Geronimo runs, home and base properties are defined relative to the installation directory of Geronimo. When a user starts up a Geronimo instance, the user defines the server property. Defining the server property triggers Geronimo to change its base from home to server thus starting up a Geronimo instance.
Several internal libraries used by Geronimo define two categories of properties as home and base, and Geronimo defines these further when server is defined. Outside of running multiple Geronimo instances base properties can be used to separate the binary installation from the user-modifiable configuration for a single server installation when that is desirable in some disk layout strategies.
It is possible to run multiple instances of Geronimo on the same machine.
Currently multiple instances of Geronimo share the following directories in <geronimo_home>, the directory where you installed Geronimo. These are read-only.
The repository is shared, and contains lots of basic and important libraries are required to bootstrap server. It is recommended to configure second repositories, one for each instance. See Configuring multiple repositories.
When running multiple instances, do not run a server from GERONIMO_HOME but only from GERONIMO_SERVER roots. Also set the GERONIMO_HOME/repository to be read-only to help prevent accidentally deploying to it when instead the intention is to deploy to the local repository for each Geronimo instance at GERONIMO_SERVER/repository.
Each instance gets its own copy of the following at <geronimo_home>/<instance_name> . etc is read-only and var is read-write. Both are necessary for each Geronimo instance.
These are also read-write but are not part of the minimally necessary directories and files for running a Geronimo instance, but may be desired. The deploy and repository directories will be automatically created when you start Geronimo if they do not already exist.
The bin, lib and schema directories are read-only, and thus are shared between instances. The repository is also shared, which means that an application deployed in one instance will show up in the list of deployed modules for all instances. Thus creating the second repository for each instance is recommended to keep deployments local to the Geronimo instances. See Configuring multiple repositories.
Here is an example layout of what it would look like to have installed one Geronimo instance named "foo-server".
Start with a fresh image of Geronimo. Do not use an image that has been used to run the default instance.
To create an instance named foo-server do the following. All your instance data will be put in <geronimo_home>/foo-server. All the directories named below are relative to <geronimo_home>.
Follow the procedures as below:
The Administrative Console can also be used for all these operations. Connect to an instance by using the right HTTP port (default 8080).
It is suggested that in GERONIMO_HOME/etc and GERONIMO_HOME/var are removed and GERONIMO_HOME/repository is made read-only
To use multiple repositories see Configuring multiple repositories.